Definition of Sociology


Alex Inkeles: "Sociology is the study of systems of social action and their inter relations". 

Comete, Ward, Blackmar, Gilonin, Giddings: "Sociology is the science of society". 

Gillin and Gillin: "It is the study of interactions arising from the association of living beings". 

Maclver, Page, Abel: "Sociology is the study of the nature of social relationships". 

Max Weber: "Sociology is a science which attempts the interpretative understanding of social action". 

Green: "Sociology is the synthesizing and generalizing science of man in all his social relationships". 

Parson, Merton: "Sociology is the study of social action". 

John Madge: "It is the study of the interacting groups of which all societies are composed". 

Morris Ginsberg: "Sociology is the study of the conditions and consequences of human inter-action and inter-relations". 

Kimball Young: "Sociology is the study of human behaviour in groups". 

J.F.Cuber: "Sociology may be defined as a body of scientific knowledge about human relationships". 

Fair Child: "Sociology is the study of the relationships between man and his human environments". 

It is clear from the given definitions that the central theme of sociology is social interaction. Social interaction includes interaction with cultural and other institutions such as family, play groups, peer groups, religious, economic and educational institutions. 

It studies the customs and traditions that grow out of these interactions, the institutions that crystallise these basic human interests and the changes that occur in these institutions. Thus, in the study of sociology different forms of human inter-relations are involved. 

In the words of Robbins, "Sociology deals with the whole man in relation to all the social, cultural and bio-physical backgrounds". We may define Sociology thus "Sociology is the study of human relationship and behaviour in the social environments".
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