Meaning of Educational Sociology

Educational sociology is a branch of sociology which has come into existence as a synthesis between Education and Sociology. E. George Payne is regarded as the father of educational sociology. According to him, "Educational sociology is the applied science in the field of sociology". 
It emphasises that the aims of sociology should be achieved through educational processes. Thus, educational sociology is that science which studies social activities, human groups, social institutions and agencies which fulfil the needs of education. 
It concerns itself with the development of individuals and society. It is, therefore, necessary to study the working of various social institutions, customs and traditions, social rules, codes and norms of behaviour which affect human progress and development through various educational activities and experiences. 
Educational sociology is a branch of sociology which deals with the problems of the relationship between society and education. It is the application of sociological principles to education for the sake of the improvement of educational programmes in the schools. 
Educational sociology is an important division of sociological studies like criminal sociology, industrial sociology, medical sociology, occupational sociology, rural sociology, social stratification sociology and urban sociology. 

The theme of educational sociology is preserving and modifying the society. Thus, educational sociology is a separate subject which has been developed by prominent educationists and sociologists such as Auguste Comte, George Payne, John Dewey, Ottaway, David Snedden, Allen Cook, George Counts, Hilda Taba, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Oris Herod Clarke, Karl Mannheim, Maclver, Morris Ginsberg, Davis, Frederick Lepay, Moore, Dollard and Merrill.
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