What is the difference between Sociology of Education and Educational Sociology ?

What is the difference between Sociology of Education and Educational Sociology?

(1) Definition
Sociology of Education is the study of how public institutes and experience of people affect the field of education and its outcomes.
Educational Sociology is the application of Sociological findings on education.

(2) Theory vs Practice
Sociology of Education is mostly a theoretical field.
Educational Sociology includes more practical implications.

(3) Emphasis
Sociology of Education emphasis is on the achievements or end results of the education on an individual.
Educational Sociology emphasizes on how education could be improved through research work and try to find new plans and activities for future benefit.

The premise of sociology of education is different from the concept of educational sociology which is seen as the application of general principles and findings of sociology to the administration and/or processes of education. These approach efforts to pertain principles of sociology to the institutions of education as a separate societal unit. The challenges of educational sociology are derived from the field of education.

The content of the sociology of education therefore included such general concepts as the society itself, accommodation, assimilation, cultural lag, sub culture, status etc. Such other considerations as the effect of the polity and economy on education, the social forces and determinants that effect educational and cultural change; the social institutions involved in the educational process – the family, the school and the church; various problems of role structure and role analysis in relation to the total social system and the micro-society of the school; the school viewed as a formal organisation, involving such problems as authority, selection, the organization of learning and streaming; the relationship between social class, culture and language, and between education and occupation; and problems of democratization and elitism, all fall within the purview of sociology of education.

In doing the above, the sociologists often utilize any one of Historical correlation or the functionalist approaches. These are demonstrated in the particular perspective used for the study of a given problem.

Educational sociology is a branch of discipline of sociology which studies the problems of relationship between society and education. It evolved as a discipline designed to prepare educators for their future tasks. It uses the results of sociological researches in planning educational activities and in developing effective methods of realizing these plans. The main aim of educational sociology was to study social interaction.

Francis Brown considered that, "All education proceeds by the participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race". He defined educational sociology as that discipline which applied the general principles and findings of sociology to the process of education.

Educational sociology is by definition a discipline which studies education sociologically, with the premise that it recognizes education as a social fact, a process and an institution, having a social function and being determined socially.

It is the application of sociological principles and methods to the solution of problems in an educational system.

Educational Sociology threw light on the importance of the interactions of different elements of the society with an individual. It emphasized the progress of the society through the medium of education. The problems of schooling and instructions were looked upon as problems of the society.

The educational sociology tried to answer the questions -- as to what type of education should be given? What should be the curriculum? Why children become delinquent? It threw light on those institutions and organizations and on those social interactions that were important in educational process.

It used educational interactions that helped in the development of the personality of the individual so that he becomes a better social being. It was realized that though educational sociology made everyone realize the social nature of education, formulated ideals by which educational planning was guided, used the theoretical knowledge gathered by researches conducted by either sociologists or educational sociologists, there appeared to be confusion as to what the proper dimensions of educational sociology should be.

There were differences of opinion regarding what types of researches are to be classified under the head of educational sociology. This led to the thinking that there should be a separate branch of knowledge which can be designated as sociology of education. Soon educational sociology became a historical phenomenon.

In 1963, the Journal of Educational Sociology became the Journal of Sociology of Education. Sociology of Education may be defined as the scientific analysis of the social processes and social patterns involved in the educational system.
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